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2019年成人高考高起点英语备考词组(1)

  7、give

  ①give away sth 赠送,捐赠;颁发,分发

  He gave away most of his money to charity.他把大部分钱捐赠给了慈善事业。

  The mayor gave away the prize at the school sports day.市长在学校运动会那天颁发了奖项。

  ②give way to 让位于,给…让路,对…让步,被…代替

  ③give back 归还,送回;使恢复,使重新获得

  Could you give me back my pen?把钢笔还给我好吗?

  The operation gave him back the use of his legs。手术使他双腿恢复了功能。

  ④give in(to sb/sth)屈服,认输,投降;让步,勉强同意;呈上,交上

  The rebels were forced to give in.叛乱分子被迫投降了。

  The authorities have shown no signs of giving in to the kidnappers’ demand.当局对绑架者的要求没有丝毫让步的迹象。

  Please give your work in before Monday.请在星期一之前把作业交上来。

  ⑤give off sth 发出,放出(气味、热、光等)

  The flowers gave off a fragrant perfume。花儿散发出芳香。

  ⑥give out 用完,耗尽;分发,散发;

  After a month their food supplies gave out.一个月以后他们的食物储备消耗殆尽。

  The teacher gave out the exam papers.老师分发了试卷。

  ⑦give up 放弃,投降

  They gave up without a fight.他们不战而降。

  I give up—tell me the answer.我放弃了,把答案告诉我吧。

  She didn’t give up work when she had the baby.她生了孩子后并未放弃工作。

  8、go

  ①go about doing sth 着手干…,开始做…

  On their arrival at the factory,they went about looking into this matter.

  ②go away 走开,离开;离家外出(尤指度假)

  Go away think about it,then let me know。到一边去想一想,然后再告诉我。

  They’ve gone away for a few days。他们已外出几天了。

  ③go back 回到,返回(某地);go back (to sth)

  Of course we want to go back some day—it’s our country,our real home.我们当然希望有一天能回去——那是我们的祖国,我们真正的家。

  ④go in for sth 对某事物有兴趣,爱好;参加考试(或竞赛)

  She doesn’t go in for team games.她对团体比赛不感兴趣。

  She’s going in for the Cambridge First Certification.她打算参加剑桥初级证书考试。

  ⑤go by sth 遵循(或依照)某事;以某事来判断

  9、hand

  ①hin (to sb)提交,呈交,上交(尤指书面材料或失物)

  You must all hin your projects by the end of next week.你们都必须在下周末前交出研究报告。

  I handed the watch in to the police.我把那块表交给了警察。

  ②hsth out(to sb) 分发某物;提出,给予(建议、惩罚等)

  Could you hthese books out,please?请把这些书发给大家好吗?

  He’s always handing out advice to people。他总是喜欢教训人。

  10、keep

  keep doing 继续做某事;keep adj.保持某种状态

  keep…from doing 阻止做某事

  keep up with sth 熟悉,了解(消息、形势等);继续支付,继续做

  keep up with sb 与(某人)保持联系

  11、make

  mke up 虚构,捏造,编造;be made up of 由……组成,由……构成

  make up for 补偿,弥补

  make sb out 看透,弄懂(某人)

  make sth out 看清,听清;分清,辨认清楚

  I could just make out a figure in the darkness.黑暗中我只看出了一个人的轮廓。

  12、pick

  pick up sth 捡起,拾起某物;不经意地学会(某种本领)

  pick up sb(顺便开车)接某人

  Sth(作主语) pick up 事情好转

  pick out sth 精心挑选;认出来,辨别出

  13、put

  ①put sth aside 忽视,不理睬,忘记;储存,保留

  They decided to put aside their differences.他们决定搁置双方的分歧。

  We put some money aside every month for our retirement.

  ②put sth away 把…收好,把…放回原处(put sth back)

  I’m just going to put the car away.我正打算把汽车开进车库。

  ③put sth down 将…放下,写下,(用笔等)记下;镇压

  Put that knife down before you hurt somebody。

  The meeting’s on the 22nd.Put it down in your diary.

  The military government is determined to put down all opposition。军政府决心镇压一切反对力量。

  ④put sth forward 提出,提议,建议;将…提前;向前拨,拨快

  ⑤put sth off 推迟,延迟

  We’ve had to put off our wedding until September.我们只得把婚期推迟到九月。

  ⑥put sth on 穿上,戴上;(节目)上演,举办

  Hurry up!Put your coat on!

  The local drama club is putting on ‘Macbeth’。当地的剧社正在演出《麦克佩斯》。

  ⑦put up 举起;临时搭建

  14、set

  ①be set in 以…为背景

  The story is set in Shanghai.

  ②set about sth 着手做某事

  The secretary set about writing.

  ③set an example to sb 树立榜样

  He set a good example to his children.

  ④set aside 存储

  He set aside 10 doolars every week。

  ⑤set fire to sth 纵火

  The thief must have set fire to the house.

  ⑥see foot in 涉足

  I left,determined never to set foot in that place。

  ⑦set off 出发,动身;引发

  They’ve set off a trip around the world.(=set out)

  A letter from home set off an attack of homesickness.

  ⑧set out (to do sth)打算做,着手做某事

  Liu Xiang set out to break the world record.

  ⑨set up 建立,创建;竖起 A Christmas tree was set up.

  15、take

  ①take sth in 吸入,吞入(体内);吸收、理解、领会某物

  ②take sb in 欺骗,蒙骗;留宿,收留

  ③Sth(主语为物)take on呈现,具有(特征、外观等)

  ④take sb on 聘用,雇用;(运动或比赛)同某人较量,反抗,与某人战斗

  16、think

  ①think about/of sth/sb 考虑到,关心,替…着想;考虑,打算(做某事)

  Don’t you ever think about other people?难道你就从来没有考虑过别人?

  She’s thinking of changing her job.她在考虑换工作。

  ②think of sth/sb 想象到,对…有想法;想出,构思出;记得,想起

  ③think sth out 认真考虑,仔细盘算;

  ④think sth over (尤指在作出决定前)仔细考虑,慎重思考

  ⑤think sth through 充分考虑,全盘考虑,想透

  ⑥think sth up 想出,发明


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